Author Archives: kiwinutz

Crystal clear emerald-tinged pools

Crystal pool

Crystal pool

We often describe Dartmoor as holding a rugged beauty and for the most part that remains true and helps us appreciate the harshness of some of the environment. Every now and again Dartmoor offers something new to the eye, something unexpected, perhaps only for a short period in time, just like these crystal clear emerald-tinged pools.
This pool found at Holne Moor SX 675698 is approximately one metre deep and is alive with flora found in only the healthiest of wild water features.
It is in an old tinning excavation and continuously fed with fresh water from the moor it has managed to avoid becoming peat-stained.

Ingra Tor Climbing

The boyz are back in town vs 4cIt has long been a plan to climb a graded climb at each of the tors of Dartmoor. Every year I say it, every year I move one step nearer or maybe two. This year it has been Ingra Tor and Leedon Tor added to the still very short list of achievements. The guide book doesn’t offer much to choose from so when it came to Ingra Tor I went with the quite bold and somewhat delicate: The Boyz are Back In Town – VS 4c.

Somewhat hidden in the damp/dark Ingra Tor quarry on the north side of the hill and then possibly quite easily missed the crag is a flat slab of quarried granite that offers little protection but an itriguing line. Starting at the right of the slab at a slanting vertical crack the line follows the disappearing crack up and towards the left. The top-out is interesting as ground fall beckons, just as the good handholds diminish.

Apparently the best climb at Ingra Tor is the boulder problem on the main tor’s North East face: Crimpanzee f5+. I’ll be back to prove that I’m not just Tor hunting.

Gabbro at White Tor

We all know that Dartmoor is a large granite pluton forming an area of highland in the south west. This rather large igneous pluton exists as part of a much larger batholith that sits deep under the south west counties peninsular, linking areas such as Bodmin Moor , West Penwith and the Isles of Scilly.

Gabbro at White Tor

Gabbro boulders at White Tor (not granite)

The dominance of this huge granite node Dartmoor can easily draw one’s attention from the other rocks that are associated with Dartmoors scenery. The emplacement of such a large body of granite could not have happened without a few adjustments. These changes to the rock types on Dartmoor can be subtle but they can be spotted with practice.

If you know your rocks then a visit to White Tor SX 542786 and Boulters Tor SX 525780 on the west of Dartmoor will reveal a darker stone than the usual pale grey rounded Dartmoor boulders. The boulders at White Tor are dark grey, mottled and blockier, with sharper fractures than the more rounded edges of weathered granite boulders. Take a closer look and then you’ll see that there is a distinct lack of quartz to the crystal make-up and the minerals are all-together darker (greeny to black). The British Geological  Survey suggest a coarse grained Gabbro, as related to Basaltic lava but cooled slowly to make a coarse-grained texture. The mottled appearance that is given the face of some boulders inset. helps reveal one of the differences from that of your more usual granite boulders.

Keep you eyes peeled, not all Dartmoor granite…is granite!

Rock Basin in Granite boulder

Rock Basins are a rather cool erosion phenonema that are always intriguing when found. A shallow depression in an explosed granite boulder, perhaps started by the presence of a weeker feldspar phenocryst, is gradually attacked further and deeper by a persitent shallow pool of water. Once the frost and the wind get involved by eddying the water around in the basin scoop then the cycle gets  ever more pronounced.Rock Basin in granite boulder at Hucken Tor

Rock Basins sometimes end up drilling themselves right through the side wall, or even more impressively, through the bottom of a flat boulder, producing an impressively sculpted piece of stone that have been linked to druid ceremonies.

The Rock Basin here was found on the upper outcrop of Hucken Tor SX 551739, although the lower crags also have further examples.


The Sundew plant Drosera Rotundifolia feeds on insects that have been attracted to the glistening drops of mucilage on its spiney red leaves. The droplets covering the leaves are loaded with a sugary substance however the stickiness is overwhelming for the small insects it attracts. Enzymes dissolve the insects in situ and nutrients are obsorbed into the foliage.

Sundew have developed their carnivorous behaviour to substitute for the lack of nutrients of their chosen environment, namely damp acidic soil, marshes and blanket bogs. The insects provide the necessary nitrogen and other nutrients missing from such soils.

Sundew - Drosera Rotundifolia

Sundew – Drosera Rotundifolia

This example was found close to a tributary of the river Walkham on South Dartmoor. This section often floods leaving the area squelchy in all but the driest summers.